GVDH Group


Publications


Visual Computing and Artificial Intelligence Department


HiFECap: Monocular High-Fidelity and Expressive Capture of Human Performances (BMVC 2022)

Yue Jiang   Marc Habermann   Vladislav Golyanik   Christian Theobalt  

Monocular 3D human performance capture is indispensable for many applications in computer graphics and vision for enabling immersive experiences. However, detailed capture of humans requires tracking of multiple aspects, including the skeletal pose, the dynamic surface, which includes clothing, hand gestures as well as facial expressions. No existing monocular method allows joint tracking of all these components. To this end, we propose HiFECap, a new neural human performance capture approach, which simultaneously captures human pose, clothing, facial expression, and hands just from a single RGB video. We demonstrate that our proposed network architecture, the carefully designed training strategy, and the tight integration of parametric face and hand models to a template mesh enable the capture of all these individual aspects. Importantly, our method also captures high-frequency details, such as deforming wrinkles on the clothes, better than the previous works. Furthermore, we show that HiFECap outperforms the state-of-the-art human performance capture approaches qualitatively and quantitatively while for the first time capturing all aspects of the human.

[Project page]


Neural Radiance Transfer Fields for Relightable Novel-view Synthesis with Global Illumination (ECCV 2022)

Linjie Lyu   Ayush Tewari   Thomas Leimkuehler   Marc Habermann   Christian Theobalt  

Given a set of images of a scene, the re-rendering of this scene from novel views and lighting conditions is an important and challenging problem in Computer Vision and Graphics. On the one hand, most existing works in Computer Vision usually impose many assumptions regarding the image formation process, e.g. direct illumination and predefined materials, to make scene parameter estimation tractable. On the other hand, mature Computer Graphics tools allow modeling of complex photo-realistic light transport given all the scene parameters. Combining these approaches, we propose a method for scene relighting under novel views by learning a neural precomputed radiance transfer function, which implicitly handles global illumination effects using novel environment maps. Our method can be solely supervised on a set of real images of the scene under a single unknown lighting condition. To disambiguate the task during training, we tightly integrate a differentiable path tracer in the training process and propose a combination of a synthesized OLAT and a real image loss. Results show that the recovered disentanglement of scene parameters improves significantly over the current state of the art and, thus, also our re-rendering results are more realistic and accurate.

[Project page]


Physical Inertial Poser (PIP): Physics-aware Real-time Human Motion Tracking from Sparse Inertial Sensors (CVPR 2022)

Xinyu Yi   Yuxiao Zhou   Marc Habermann   Soshi Shimada   Vladislav Golyanik   Christian Theobalt   Feng Xu  

Motion capture from sparse inertial sensors has shown great potential compared to image-based approaches since occlusions do not lead to a reduced tracking quality and the recording space is not restricted to be within the viewing frustum of the camera. However, capturing the motion and global position only from a sparse set of inertial sensors is inherently ambiguous and challenging. In consequence, recent state-of-the-art methods can barely handle very long period motions, and unrealistic artifacts are common due to the unawareness of physical constraints. To this end, we present the first method which combines a neural kinematics estimator and a physics-aware motion optimizer to track body motions with only 6 inertial sensors. The kinematics module first regresses the motion status as a reference, and then the physics module refines the motion to satisfy the physical constraints. Experiments demonstrate a clear improvement over the state of the art in terms of capture accuracy, temporal stability, and physical correctness.

[Project page]


Deep Physics-aware Inference of Cloth Deformation for Monocular Human Performance Capture (3DV 2021)

Yue Li   Marc Habermann   Bernhard Thomaszewski   Stelian Coros   Thabo Beeler   Christian Theobalt

Recent monocular human performance capture approaches have shown compelling dense tracking results of the full body from a single RGB camera. However, existing methods either do not estimate clothing at all or model cloth deformation with simple geometric priors instead of taking into account the underlying physical principles. This leads to noticeable artifacts in their reconstructions, such as baked-in wrinkles, implausible deformations that seemingly defy gravity, and intersections between cloth and body. To address these problems, we propose a person-specific, learning-based method that integrates a finite element-based simulation layer into the training process to provide for the first time physics supervision in the context of weakly-supervised deep monocular human performance capture. We show how integrating physics into the training process improves the learned cloth deformations, allows modeling clothing as a separate piece of geometry, and largely reduces cloth-body intersections. Relying only on weak 2D multi-view supervision during training, our approach leads to a significant improvement over current state-of-the-art methods and is thus a clear step towards realistic monocular capture of the entire deforming surface of a clothed human.

[Project page]


Efficient and Differentiable Shadow Computation for Inverse Problems (ICCV 2021)

Linjie Lyu   Marc Habermann   Lingjie Liu   Mallikarjun B R   Ayush Tewari   Christian Theobalt  

Differentiable rendering has received increasing interest for image-based inverse problems. It can benefit traditional optimization-based solutions to inverse problems, but also allows for self-supervision of learning-based approaches for which training data with ground truth annotation is hard to obtain. However, existing differentiable renderers either do not model visibility of the light sources from the different points in the scene, responsible for shadows in the images, or are too slow for being used to train deep architectures over thousands of iterations. To this end, we propose an accurate yet efficient approach for differentiable visibility and soft shadow computation. Our approach is based on the spherical harmonics approximations of the scene illumination and visibility, where the occluding surface is approximated with spheres. This allows for a significantly more efficient shadow computation compared to methods based on ray tracing. As our formulation is differentiable, it can be used to solve inverse problems such as texture, illumination, rigid pose, and geometric deformation recovery from images using analysis-by-synthesis optimization.

[Project page]


A Deeper Look into DeepCap (TPAMI 2021)

Marc Habermann   Weipeng Xu   Michael Zollhoefer   Gerard Pons-Moll   Christian Theobalt

Human performance capture is a highly important computer vision problem with many applications in movie production and virtual/augmented reality. Many previous performance capture approaches either required expensive multi-view setups or did not recover dense space-time coherent geometry with frame-to-frame correspondences. We propose a novel deep learning approach for monocular dense human performance capture. Our method is trained in a weakly supervised manner based on multi-view supervision completely removing the need for training data with 3D ground truth annotations. The network architecture is based on two separate networks that disentangle the task into a pose estimation and a non-rigid surface deformation step. Extensive qualitative and quantitative evaluations show that our approach outperforms the state of the art in terms of quality and robustness. This work is an extended version of DeepCap where we provide more detailed explanations, comparisons and results as well as applications.

[Project page]


Neural Actor: Neural Free-view Synthesis of Human Actors with Pose Control (Siggraph Asia 2021)

Lingjie Liu   Marc Habermann   Viktor Rudnev   Kripasindhu Sarkar   Jiatao Gu   Christian Theobalt

We propose Neural Actor (NA), a new method for high-quality synthesis of humans from arbitrary viewpoints and under arbitrary controllable poses. Our method is built upon recent neural scene representation and rendering works which learn representations of geometry and appearance from only 2D images. While existing works demonstrated compelling rendering of static scenes and playback of dynamic scenes, photo-realistic reconstruction and rendering of humans with neural implicit methods, in particular under user-controlled novel poses, is still difficult. To address this problem, we utilize a coarse body model as the proxy to unwarp the surrounding 3D space into a canonical pose. A neural radiance field learns pose-dependent geometric deformations and pose- and view-dependent appearance effects in the canonical space from multi-view video input. To synthesize novel views of high fidelity dynamic geometry and appearance, we leverage 2D texture maps defined on the body model as latent variables for predicting residual deformations and the dynamic appearance. Experiments demonstrate that our method achieves better quality than the state-of-the-arts on playback as well as novel pose synthesis, and can even generalize well to new poses that starkly differ from the training poses. Furthermore, our method also supports body shape control of the synthesized results.

[Project page]


Real-time Deep Dynamic Characters (Siggraph 2021)

Marc Habermann   Lingjie Liu   Weipeng Xu   Michael Zollhoefer   Gerard Pons-Moll   Christian Theobalt

We propose a deep videorealistic 3D human character model displaying highly realistic shape, motion, and dynamic appearance learned in a new weakly supervised way from multi-view imagery. In contrast to previous work, our controllable 3D character displays dynamics, e.g., the swing of the skirt, dependent on skeletal body motion in an efficient data-driven way, without requiring complex physics simulation. Our character model also features a learned dynamic texture model that accounts for photo-realistic motion-dependent appearance details, as well as view-dependent lighting effects. During training, we do not need to resort to difficult dynamic 3D capture of the human; instead we can train our model entirely from multi-view video in a weakly supervised manner. To this end, we propose a parametric and differentiable character representation which allows us to model coarse and fine dynamic deformations, e.g., garment wrinkles, as explicit space-time coherent mesh geometry that is augmented with high-quality dynamic textures dependent on motion and view point. As input to the model, only an arbitrary 3D skeleton motion is required, making it directly compatible with the established 3D animation pipeline. We use a novel graph convolutional network architecture to enable motion-dependent deformation learning of body and clothing, including dynamics, and a neural generative dynamic texture model creates corresponding dynamic texture maps. We show that by merely providing new skeletal motions, our model creates motion-dependent surface deformations, physically plausible dynamic clothing deformations, as well as video-realistic surface textures at a much higher level of detail than previous state of the art approaches, and even in real-time.

[Project page]


Monocular Real-time Full Body Capture with Inter-part Correlations (CVPR 2021)

Yuxiao Zhou   Marc Habermann   Ikhsanul Habibie   Ayush Tewari   Christian Theobalt   Feng Xu  

We present the first method for real-time full body capture that estimates shape and motion of body and hands together with a dynamic 3D face model from a single color image. Our approach uses a new neural network architecture that exploits correlations between body and hands at high computational efficiency. Unlike previous works, our approach is jointly trained on multiple datasets focusing on hand, body or face separately, without requiring data where all the parts are annotated at the same time, which is much more difficult to create at sufficient variety. The possibility of such multi-dataset training enables superior generalization ability. In contrast to earlier monocular full body methods, our approach captures more expressive 3D face geometry and color by estimating the shape, expression, albedo and illumination parameters of a statistical face model. Our method achieves competitive accuracy on public benchmarks, while being significantly faster and providing more complete face reconstructions.

[Project page]